The Raid on Khaybar, on which the Prophet tortured a man to death and raped his wife on the same day

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According to Islamic cleric ,The female prisoners of wars belong to the Muslim army commander and  in order to humiliate them he can have sex with them

 

The Raid on Khaybar, on which the Prophet tortured a man to death and raped his wife on the same day:

The image may be alarming, but there is no doubt that Ṣafiyya’s ordeal was far worse than this scene. Can any sane person imagine that Ṣafiyya would be happy and satisfied after the Messenger of Allāh had tortured her husband to death in front of her and killed her people? In addition, the man who took her made her walk through the bodies of her dead family; i.e., the bodies of her husband Kināna, her father, and the rest of her kinsmen. When the woman walking with her saw the spectacle of the bodies, she slapped herself on the face and put dirt on her head. That very night Muḥammad retired with her in order to rape her.
Bukhārī relates the story of the murder of Ṣafiyya’s husband, while she was still a bride. It was for her beauty that the Prophet selected her and did not wait until he arrived in Medīna, but raped her on the road at Sadd as-Ṣahbāʾ, then married her the next day.

A) Evidence from the Ḥadīth that the Prophet raped her on the same day he killed her husband and the rest of her menfolk:
Bukhārī> Book of Jihād and Siyar> section on the person who goes out on a raid with a boy at his service: .Then we reached Khaybar; and when Allāh enabled him to conquer the fort (of Khaybar), the beauty of Ṣafiyya bint Ḥuyay b. Akhṭab was described to him. Her husband had been killed while she was still a bride. So Allāh’s Messenger selected her for himself, and set out with her, and when we reached a place called Sadd as-Ṣahbāʾ, Allāh’s Messenger married her

Bukhārī »Book of Al-Mag̱āzī (Military Expeditions)» section on the raid on Khaybar: We arrived at Khaybar, and when Allāh had helped His Messenger to conquer the fort, the beauty of Ṣafiyya bint Ḥuyay b. Akhṭab, whose husband had been killed while she was still a bride, was mentioned to Allāh’s Messenger. The Prophet selected her for himself, and set out with her, and when we reached a place called Sadd as-Ṣahbāʾ, Allāh’s Messenger married her
From Fatḥ Al-Bārī fī Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Al-Bukhārī:
Now as to the statement “And when Allāh helped His Messenger to seize the fort, the beauty of Ṣafiyya bint Ḥuyay b. Akhṭab, whose husband had been killed while she was still a bride, was mentioned to Allāh’s Messenger,” the name of her husband was Kināna b. Ar-Rabīʿ… The Prophet had fought with the people of Khaybar, captured their palm-trees and land, and forced them to remain confined to their fortresses. So they concluded a treaty of peace providing that gold, silver and weapons would go to the Messenger of Allāh, peace be upon him, and whatever they took away on their camels would belong to them, on condition that they would not hide and carry away anything. If they did (so), there would be no protection ذِمّة for them and no treaty عهد. They carried away a purse full of money and jewelry belonging to Ḥuyayy b. Akhṭāb, who was killed before (the battle of) Khaybar. He took away the ornaments of Banū An-Naḍīr when they were expelled. The Prophet, peace be upon him, asked them: Where is the purse of Ḥuyayy b. Akhṭāb? They replied: The contents of this purse were spent on battles and other expenses. He said: It’s too soon and the money was a great deal more. Later they found the purse in a ruin. So the Prophet killed the two sons of Abū Al-Ḥuqayq. Ṣafiyya was the wife of one of them. Now as to the statement, “The Prophet selected her اصطفاها for himself,” as though her name Ṣafiyya was derived from الصفي “the select, the choicest” As to “we reached a place called Sadd as-Ṣahbāʾ,” it is a place close to Medīna, at a distance of over thirty miles from the direction of Mecca.

 

» Ṣaḥīḥ Al-Bukhārī» Book of sales »section on journeying with a slave-girl before she is clean (of her menses):
Section on journeying with a slave-girl before she is clean (of her menses). Al-Ḥasan did not think there was anything wrong in his kissing her or having sexual intercourse with her. Ibn ʿUmar, may Allāh be pleased with them both, said that if a bondwoman that is kept for sexual purposes is given away as a gift, sold, or freed, her womb should be cleansed by one menstrual period, but the virgin does not have to be cleansed. ʿAṭāʾ said it is not wrong for him [the owner] to have sexual intercourse with his slave-girl below the vulva. Allāh said except for their wives or those whom your right hands possess.
2120 ʿAbdu-l-Ghaffār b. Dāwūd related to us…. from Anas b. Mālik, may Allāh be pleased with him, that the Prophet came to Khaybar and when Allāh made him victorious and he conquered the town by breaking the enemy’s defense, the beauty of Ṣafiyya bint Ḥuyay b. Akhṭab was mentioned to him and her husband had been killed while she was still a bride. Allāh’s Messenger selected her for himself and he set out in her company till he reached Sadd-ar-Rawḥāʾ, where he married her.
Fatḥ Al-Bārī Commentary (Ibn Ḥajar Al-ʿAsqalānī):
The statement: “Al-Ḥasan did not think there was anything wrong in his kissing her or having sexual intercourse with her.” He narrated on the strength of Al-Ḥasan that he may “have sexual intercourse with his slave-girl below the vulva.” … But Ibn ʿUmar said, “If a bondwoman that is kept for sexual purposes is given away as a gift, sold, or freed, her womb should be cleansed by one menstrual period, but the virgin does not have to be cleansed.
Comment:
The Prophet allows virgins to be raped without waiting for one menstrual period and allows cohabitation with pregnant captive women apart from the vulva. But he totally violated all his unfair teachings when he rapes Ṣafiyya on the same day her husband was killed. He did not wait for one menstrual period as it is the law for married captive women.
Muslim narrates that the Prophet had bestowed Ṣafiyya on Diḥya, but a man came to the Prophet and told him that she was the daughter of the chief of Qurayẓa and was worthy only of the Prophet himself. The Messenger of Allāh summoned her. He liked her and took her for himself. He raped her and then married her the next day:

 

Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim »Book of Marriage» section on virtue of his emancipation of his bondmaid and then marrying her: the Messenger of Allāh conquered Khaybar … and there were gathered the prisoners of war. There came Diḥya and said: O Messenger of Allāh, bestow upon me a girl from the prisoners. He said: Go and get any girl. He made a choice for Ṣafiyya bint Ḥuyayy (b. Akhṭab). There came a person to Allāh’s Messenger, may peace be upon him, and said: O Messenger of Allāh, you have bestowed Ṣafiyya bint Ḥuyayy, the chief of Qurayẓa and An-Naḍīr, upon Diḥya and she is worthy of you only. He said: Call him along with her. So he came along with her. When Allāh’s Messenger, may peace be upon him, saw her, he said: Take any other woman from among the prisoners. He (the narrator) said: He (the Prophet) then granted her emancipation and married her … On the way Umm Sulaym groomed her and then sent her to him (the Prophet) at night. Allāh’s Messenger, may peace be upon him, appeared as a bridegroom in the morning.
Commentary of Imām Nawawī: The correct view chosen by careful enquirers is that he set her free as a donation without recompense or condition, and then married her with her full consent without a bridal gift. This is an exclusive right of the Prophet, Allāh’s peace be upon him, that he may marry without bride price, and not [to be taken as] a general case.
Comment: Imām An-Nawawī said they concealed their treasure from the Prophet. In so doing, they broke the covenant existing between them and the Prophet. Therefore he killed them and Ṣafiyya became his possession. As mentioned above, no Muslim can claim that she liked the Messenger of Allāh. She had to marry him because she did not have any choice in the matter. As Imām An-Nawawī explains, the Prophet stipulated a condition that if he set her free, she must marry him, and she accepted. But for Ṣafiyya the one choice was worse than the other; either to remain a bondwoman (slave) of the Prophet, or become a wife to the man who killed her father and all her people. She chose the lesser of two evils.

Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim »Book of Marriage» section on virtue of his emancipation of his bondmaid and then marrying her: Anas, Allāh be pleased with him, reported: Ṣafiyya, Allāh be pleased with her, fell to the lot of Diḥya in the spoils of war, and they praised her in the presence of Allāh’s Messenger, may peace be upon him, and said: We have not seen the like of her among the captives of war. He sent (a messenger) to Diḥya and he gave him whatever he demanded. He then sent her to my mother and asked her to groom her. Allah’s Messenger, may peace be upon him, got out of Khaybar until he was on the other side of it, halted, and had a domed tent قُبّة pitched for her. When it was morning, Allāh’s Messenger, may peace be upon him, said: He who has surplus of provision with him should bring that to us … Anas said that that constituted the wedding feast وليمة of Allāh’s Messenger, may peace be upon him …
Comment: The Messenger of Allāh took her alone to the tent and raped her and then married her next morning.

 

 

B) Ṭabarī, Ibn Kathīr, and Ibn Saʿd narrate how Bilāl made Ṣafiyya walk through the dead to annoy her (Ibn Saʿd). When Ṣafiyya’s cousin saw her dead people, she screamed and slapped her face. The Prophet ordered Kināna, Ṣafiyya’s husband, to be tortured by fire almost to death. The Prophet, then, gave him over to Ibn Maslama who beheaded him:
Tarīkh Aṭ-Ṭabarī »The Raid on Khaybar: ... the Messenger of Allāh brought Ṣafiyya bint Ḥuyay b. Akhṭab, and another one with her. Bilāl, who brought them, made them walk through the dead of the Jews who had been killed. As the woman who was with Ṣafiyya saw them, she screamed, slapped her face, and threw dirt on her head. When the Messenger of Allāh saw her… He ordered Ṣafiyya to be placed behind him, and threw his cloak upon her. Muslims knew then that the Messenger of Allāh, peace be upon him, selected her for himself …
Ibn Isḥāq said: The Messenger of Allāh, peace be upon him, had Kināna b. Rabīʿ b. Abī l-Ḥuqayq, who kept the treasure of Banū An-Naḍīr, brought to him. He asked him but he denied all knowledge of where it was. A man of the Jews came to the Messenger of Allāh and said to the Messenger of Allāh, “I’ve seen Kināna roaming around this ruin every morning. The Messenger of Allāh asked Kināna, “What do you think, shall I kill you should we find it [the treasure] with you?” He said: Yes. The Messenger of Allāh ordered the ruin to be dug out. He was able to retrieve some of their treasure. So he asked him, “Where is the rest?” But he refused to hand it over. The Messenger of Allāh ordered Az-Zubayr b. Al-ʿAwwām, saying, “Torture him until you have removed all he has got.” Az-Zubayr kept on kindling fire in his chest until he was on the verge of death. Later the Messenger of Allāh gave him over to Muḥammad b. Maslama, who beheaded him for [killing] his brother Maḥmūd b. Maslama.

Al-Bidāya wan-Nihāya by Ibn Kathīr » year seven after the Prophet’s migration» The raid on Khaybar: When the Messenger of Allāh conquered al-Qāmūs (fort), Ṣafiyya bint Ḥuyay was brought forward. Bilāl, who brought them [i.e., Ṣafiyya and her cousin], made them walk through the dead of the Jews who had been killed. As the woman who was with Ṣafiyya saw them, she screamed, slapped her face, and threw dirt on her head … He ordered Ṣafiyya to be placed behind him, and threw his cloak upon her. Muslims knew then that the Messenger of Allāh, peace be upon him, selected her for himself. The Messenger of Allāh, peace be upon him, had Kināna b. Rabīʿ b. Abī l-Ḥuqayq, who kept the treasure of Banū An-Naḍīr, brought to him. He asked him but he denied all knowledge of where it was. A man of the Jews came to the Messenger of Allāh and said to the Messenger of Allāh, “I’ve seen Kināna roaming around this ruin every morning. The Messenger of Allāh asked Kināna, “What do you think, shall I kill you should we find it [the treasure] with you?” He said: Yes. The Messenger of Allāh ordered the ruin to be dug out. He was able to retrieve some of their treasure. So he asked him, “Where is the rest?” But he refused to hand it over. The Messenger of Allāh ordered Az-Zubayr b. Al-ʿAwwām, saying, “Torture him until you have removed all he has got.” Az-Zubayr kept on kindling fire in his chest until he was on the verge of death. Later the Messenger of Allāh gave him over to Muḥammad b. Maslama, who beheaded him for [killing] his brother Maḥmūd b. Maslama.

Books »Aṭ-Ṭabaqāt Al-Kubrā by Ibn Saʿd» Account of the number of raids of the Messenger of Allāh ... When the Prophet triumphed over Khaybar, he concluded a peace treaty with them on the condition that they should come out, only they and their families, without any silver or gold. Kināna and Ar-Rabīʿ were brought forward. Kināna was Ṣafiyya’s husband and Ar-Rabīʿ was his brother and his cousin. The Messenger of Allāh asked them: “Where are your vessels which you used to lend to the people of Mecca?” They replied: “We fled to different places and had many ups and downs. As we traveled around, we spent everything.” He said to them, “If you [two] are concealing anything and I find out about it, your blood and offspring will be forfeit.” They said, “Yes.” Thereupon he called a man from the Anṣār and said, “Go to such-and-such farm. When you approach some palm-trees, look for a palm-tree at your right hand or your left hand. You will see a palm-tree that has been raised up. Bring me what it holds.” He went off and fetched the vessels and the money. He [the Messenger of Allāh] had their heads cut off, took their families captive, and sent a man to bring Ṣafiyya over, who made her walk through their dead bodies. The Prophet of Allāh, peace be upon him: asked him, “Why did you do that?” He answered, “O Messenger of Allāh, I wanted to annoy her.” He [the Messenger of Allāh] handed her over to Bilāl and to a man from the Anṣār. She remained with him.

 

C) Ibn Hishām narrates that Bilāl made Ṣafiyya walk through the bodies of her murdered family members. As the woman who was with Ṣafiyya saw them, she screamed and slapped her face:
Biography of the Prophet by Ibn Hishām, section on the march to Khaybar> account of Ṣafiyya, the mother of the faithful: When the Messenger of Allāh conquered al-Qāmūs [fort], the Messenger of Allāh had Ṣafiyya bint Ḥuyay and another woman who was with her brought forward. Bilāl, who brought them, made them walk through the dead of the Jews who had been killed. As the woman who was with Ṣafiyya saw them, she cried out, slapped her face, and threw dirt on her head … He ordered Ṣafiyya to be placed behind him, and threw his cloak upon her. Muslims knew then that the Messenger of Allāh, peace be upon him, selected her for himself. As far as I was told, the Messenger of Allāh said to Bilāl, when he witnessed what happened to that Jewish woman, “Had you no mercy, Bilāl, when you made two women walk through the dead bodies of their own men?” Ṣafiyya had seen in a dream, when she was the bride of Kināna b. Ar-Rabīʿ b. Abī Al-Ḥuqayq, that a moon fell into her lap. When she told her husband about the dream, he said, “This is because you desire to marry Muḥammad, the king of Hejāz.” He slapped her face with such vehemence that her eyes turned green. The Messenger of Allāh brought her when there was still a trace of it. He asked her what it was and she gave him this account.

 

D) Ibn Hishām narrates that the Prophet ordered Kināna, Ṣafiyya’s husband, to be tortured by fire almost to death. The Prophet later gave him over to Ibn Maslama to be beheaded.
Biography of the Prophet by Ibn Hishām: the rest of the account of Khaybar> The punishment of Kināna b. Ar-Rabīʿ (Kināna is tortured to death): The Messenger of Allāh, peace be upon him, had Kināna b. Rabīʿ b. Abī l-Ḥuqayq, who kept the treasure of Banū An-Naḍīr, brought to him. He asked him but he denied all knowledge of where it was. A man of the Jews came to the Messenger of Allāh and said to the Messenger of Allāh, “I’ve seen Kināna roaming around this ruin every morning.” The Messenger of Allāh asked Kināna, “What do you think, shall I kill you should we find it [the treasure] with you?” He said: Yes. The Messenger of Allāh ordered the ruin to be dug out. He was able to retrieve some of their treasure. So he asked him, “Where is the rest?” But he refused to hand it over. The Messenger of Allāh ordered Az-Zubayr b. Al-ʿAwwām, saying, “Torture him until you have removed all he has got.” Az-Zubayr kept on kindling fire in his chest until he was on the verge of death. Later the Messenger of Allāh gave him over to Muḥammad b. Maslama, who beheaded him for [killing] his brother Maḥmūd b. Maslama.

 

E) Ibn Hishām narrates that the Prophet raped her and that Abū Ayyūb spent the night holding his sword in front of the domed tent قُبّة out of fear
Biography of the Prophet by Ibn Hishām »account of the march to Khaybar in Muḥarram, in year seven> the Messenger of Allāh consummates the marriage with Ṣafiyya and Abū Ayyūb guards the domed tent: The Messenger of Allāh married Ṣafiyya in Khaybar or some way off Khaybar. Umm Sulaym bint Milḥān, the mother of Anas b. Mālik, adorned and groomed her for the Messenger of Allāh. The Messenger of Allāh spent the night with her in a domed tent of his. Abū Ayyūb Khālid b. Zayd, the brother of Banū An-Najjār spent the night holding his sword, guarding the Messenger of Allāh and walking about the domed tent. When it was morning, the Messenger of Allāh saw where he was, and asked, “What is the matter with you, Abū Ayyūb?” He said, “O Messenger of Allāh, I was afraid of this woman for you. You have killed this woman’s father, husband, and people, and she has been recently an infidel. So I feared her for you.” It is claimed that the Messenger of Allāh said, “O Allāh, protect Abū Ayyūb just as he spent the night protecting me.

 

F) Ḥalabī and Wāqidī narrate that Abū Ayyūb spent the night holding a sword in front of the domed tent in fear
Biography of Al-Ḥalabī about the biography of the Al-ʾAmīn and Al-Maʾmūn by Burhānuddīn Al-Ḥalabī, section of the The Raid on Khaybar: Kināna, who was Ṣafiyya’s husband, having just married her, and his brother were brought forward. The Messenger of Allāh asked them: “Where are your vessels which you used to lend to the people of Mecca?” … They replied: “Everything was spent on expenses and wars.”… The Messenger of Allāh ordered the ruin to be dug out. He was able to retrieve some of their treasure. So he asked him, “Where is the rest?” But he refused to hand it over. The Messenger of Allāh ordered Az-Zubayr b. Al-ʿAwwām, saying, “Torture him until you have removed all he has got.” Az-Zubayr kept on kindling fire in his chest until he was on the verge of death. This set a precedent for the legality of punishment [i.e. torture] for those accused, that they may admit the truth. This is a legal Islamic policy. Later the Messenger of Allāh gave him over to Muḥammad b. Maslama, who beheaded him … Abū Ayyūb Al-Anṣārī, may Allāh be pleased with him, spent the night holding his sword, guarding the Messenger of Allāh and walking about the domed tent. When it was morning, the Messenger of Allāh saw where he was, and asked, “What is the matter with you, Abū Ayyūb?” He said, “O Messenger of Allāh, I was afraid of this woman for you. You have killed this woman’s father, husband, and people, and she has been recently an infidel. So I spent the night protecting you.”

Biography »Maghāzī by Al-Wāqidī» The Raid on Khaybar » the departure of the Messenger of Allāh, peace be upon him, from Khaybar to Medīna: Abū Ayyūb Al-Anṣārī spent the night close to the domed tent, holding the handle of the sword until it was morning. When the Messenger of Allāh, peace be upon him, came out in the morning, Abū Ayyūb magnified Allāh [i.e., shouted “Allāhu akbar.”]. The Prophet asked, “What is the matter with you, Abū Ayyūb?” He said, “O Messenger of Allāh, you went in to [have sexual relations with] this slave-girl, although you had killed her father, brothers, cousins, husband, and the majority of her tribe. I was afraid that she might assassinate you.” The Messenger of Allāh, peace be upon him, laughed and told him some kind words.
Explanation and comments: As Al-Bukhārī narrates and Ibn Ḥajar explains, and according to the other sources mentioned earlier, the Messenger of Allāh, after his triumph in the battle of Khaybar, had Kināna, Ṣafiyya’s husband, brought forward. The Prophet knew that Kināna had kept a treasure trove of trinkets. The Messenger of Allāh asked Kināna to guide him to the place of the treasure. But Kināna told him that it was all spent up and that there was no longer any treasure left. A certain Jew came forward and said to the Messenger of Allāh that he saw Kināna frequent a certain ruin. The Messenger of Allāh suspected that it the treasure might be there. He went, dug it out, and found a part of the treasure. He asked Kināna to guide him to the rest of the treasure, but Kināna refused. The Messenger of Allāh handed him over to Az-Zubayr b. Al-ʿAwwām and ordered him to be torture him till he knew where Kināna hid the rest of the treasure. Az-Zubayr went about torturing him by burning his chest with fire until he was on the verge of death. Later the Messenger of Allāh handed him over to Ibn Maslama who killed him. Burhānuddīn Al-Ḥalabī adds in the Biography of Al-Ḥalabī that that set a precedent for the legality of torture for those accused, that they may admit the truth, and that it was part of the legal Islamic policy. This explains the extreme leniency in Arab regimes with torturing the opposition without any sense of guilt. Bukhārī also reported the story of the Prophet’s murder of Kināna, Ṣafiyya’s husband. The Messenger of Allāh had given Ṣafiyya, Kināna’s wife, to Diḥya, but a man came to the Prophet and told him that Ṣafiyya is the lady of Banū Qurayẓa and Banū An-Naḍīr, described her beauty to the Prophet and told him that she was worthy of him only. The Prophet asked to see her. As mentioned in the biography of the Prophet by Ibn Hishām and Aṭ-Ṭabaq̄t Al-Kubrā by Ibn Saʿd, Bilāl brought Ṣafiyya to the Prophet, along with another woman, and had them walk through the bodies of their dead family (i.e., the bodies of her husband Kināna, her father, and the rest of her kinsmen). The prophet of Allāh, peace be upon him, asked him, “Why did you do that?” He answered, “O Messenger of Allāh, I wanted to annoy her.” When Ṣafiyya’s companion saw her dead people, she screamed, slapped her face, and threw dirt on her head. The Messenger of Allāh ordered this woman to be taken away from him. But when he saw Ṣafiyya, the Messenger of Allāh liked her and did not wait until he arrived at Medīna, but raped her the same night as soon as he arrived at Sadd as-Ṣahbāʾ. The reader can imagine Ṣafiyya’s situation when the Messenger of Allāh killed her husband, her father, and her people, and when she was forced to walk through and witness the dead bodies, only to be raped herself later by the Prophet amid the smell of the blood of her people that still clung to his clothes. Diḥya was given another woman, or seven others, as some traditions claim. Several Ḥadīths were trumped up to try and find a way out of this dilemma. They narrate that the Prophet set her free and married her, but how could the Prophet marry her without the prescribed period (ʿidda, i.e., the period which should elapse before she can remarry). It is well known in Islam that a widow’s ʿidda is four months and ten days, the ʿidda of a divorced woman is three months, and a bondwoman’s ʿidda is one menstrual period. How then could his intimate relations with her on the same day still be considered marriage? According to the traditions of the Prophet, the Prophet married her the following day after he had raped her.

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